How a scented candle works

If you want to make scented candles, it's important to understand how they work.Scented candles are usually made in containers, glasses or pots, etc.The wax used to make scented candles is different to that used to make moulded candles. The idea of scented candles is to diffuse a fragrance. The perfume is diffused when the wax around the wick is hot and liquid. This is why it is important to choose the right wax for this type of candle, preferably rather soft, so it becomes liquid at a low temperature.

See the idea on video

 


The waxes

Firstly, it's important to have a wax that clings to the glass. The softer the wax is, the better it will cling to the container.

Mineral waxes (paraffin wax)

A mix of soft and classic paraffin wax (50/50) produces the best effect. 

The advantages: Paraffin wax is suitable for adding dye and fragrance.
The drawbacks: The burn time is shorter compared to vegetable waxes. Although our paraffin wax is good quality, it is still a petroleum by-product. 

Vegetable waxes (soya wax, rapeseed wax and palm wax)

Vegetable waxes for scented candles work well with our fragrances, but mixes with additives are often required to ensure optimal burning and fragrance diffusion.

The advantages: It's a product of plant origin. The burn time is much longer than for paraffin wax.
The drawbacks: Soya wax does not work well with dyes, a mix is often required (soya wax or rapeseed wax + 5% beeswax + 5% stearin) to produce an optimum result/combustion.

Waxes of animal origin (beeswax)

Beeswax is known to be good for making moulded candles, but it can also be used to diffuse certain fragrances.

The advantages: It's a natural wax and easy to work with
The drawbacks: Bees are becoming rare and beeswax is also of 100% animal origin! This makes the price per kilo higher.

Our choices: our waxes for poured scented candles.


The fragrances

You can use perfumes or essential oils.


The essential oils

Beware of essential oils: They are definitely of natural origin and may be organic too, but they are not ideal for the diffusion of fragrance in candles.Some essential oils release CMR (Carcinogenic, Mutagenic and Reprotoxic) substances.

Perfumed oils (perfumes)

Our perfumed oils are produced in Grasse, France. These fragrances are particularly suitable for the diffusion of perfume in candles.

How much?

Depending on the concentration of perfume or the essential oil, you need to add 5 to 10% fragrance per kilo of wax.
For example: a Jasmine candle fragrance will be much more powerful than a Rice powder fragrance. It depends on the intensity that you want.

Our choice: fragrances for candles


The wicks

The choice of wick is very important in candle making, if it is too big, the flame will be big and this will produce smoke... On the other hand, if the wick is too small, your candle will not burn properly. The flame will be too small and won't be powerful enough to melt the wax and diffuse the perfume.

We advise you to use pre-coated wicks on sustainers or wooden wicks on sustainers 

The advantages: They are coated with natural or mineral wax, the sustainer makes it easy to position the wick in the bottom of the glass, saving time if you're making candles in bulk.
 The drawbacks: none


Of course, it's up to you if you prefer to use uncoated flat wicks.
Choosing a wick is still a complicated business and depends on the type of candle you want to make, the type of wax you want to use... 

Our choice of pre-coated wicks on sustainers and wooden wicks on sustainers


The containers

Glass, terracotta, aluminium tins: the choice is very wide! The most important thing is to choose a medium-sized container, preferably, because people soon get tired of the same fragrance.
The average would be a candle between 120 grammes and 180 grammes with a burning time between 25 and 40 hours. An original design or packaging will attract the attention of your customers or your friends and family.

Don't forget to add a safety sticker to inform your customers (compulsory for professionals).


In conclusion

Rapeseed Wax Scented CandlesIf you want to make a scented candle in a container, you need to choose the right type of wax and a suitable wick.
You can add fragrance to a moulded candle, but it won't be as effective as a scented candle in a container.
You need to be patient: making a scented candle is like cookery. A dish = a recipe. This rule applies to candle making too. The amount of fragrance depends on the fragrance itself, the type of wax, the wick and the container.


For example: You've just made a beautiful scented candle in a glass container. You decide to use the same mixture and wick to make a portable candle in an aluminium tin. You light your portable candle but it doesn't work like the candle in the glass container. The reason is that the glass heats up faster than the aluminium tin. You need to change the wick and the wax mixture.

Making scented candles is a technical process, but an exciting one!

We are available to help: contact us and we will advise you in your choices and the candle making process.
Take part in our workshops and master the techniques of candle making.


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